Frequent urination in a cat: Causes and owner actions

One of the abnormal symptoms in furry friends that can cause concern to their owners is frequent urination.

This symptom can have several causes and it is important to interpret it correctly. In this article we will look at what frequent urination can mean in a cat, what physiological processes can cause it, what feline diseases are associated with it, and what owners should do to help their furry friends.

What is a normal amount of urine a cat produces?
Before worrying about frequent urination, it is important to understand what is a normal amount of urination for cats.

Typically, a healthy adult cat will urinate between 2 and 4 times a day. The amount of urine each time can vary, but the average is about 20 to 30 millilitres per kilogram of body weight per day. However, the amount of urine produced can depend on a number of factors such as breed, diet, activity, lifestyle, weather and health.

Why a cat may urinate frequently
Frequent urination in a cat can be caused by a number of things. The most common include

Increased water intake. If a cat drinks more water, it will naturally urinate more. This can be caused by a change in diet, especially if the cat has been switched to dry food, which requires more fluid intake. Increased water intake can also be a sign of stress, hyperthyroidism (a hormonal condition) or even diabetes.

Urolithiasis. Urolithiasis, or urolithiasis, is most often associated with frequent urination in cats. This condition is characterised by the formation of stones in the bladder or ureters. The stones can irritate the mucous membranes, causing frequent urination. Cats with urolithiasis may also have traces of blood in the urine, painful urination (often expressed by meowing in the litter tray and assuming odd positions when urinating). Cats with urolithiasis may sit in the litter tray for long periods with very small amounts of urine. The condition requires immediate veterinary attention as the stones can block the urethra causing acute urinary retention. This condition can be fatal without emergency treatment.

Inflammatory disorders of the urinary tract. Inflammation of the urinary tract, such as cystitis or urethritis, can cause restlessness and frequent urination in a cat. There are two types of cystitis in cats - bacterial and non-bacterial. Bacterial cystitis is most commonly caused by the invasion of bacterial microflora into the bladder area. Non-bacterial cystitis is most often caused by stress, but can also be seen with poor nutrition, low fluid intake and as a complication of some other diseases.

Hormonal problems. Hormonal problems such as hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or diabetes mellitus can cause urinary changes in cats. Hormones are involved in virtually every bodily function. Urination is no exception. In diabetes mellitus, for example, the pancreas is unable to produce insulin to break down glucose. One of the clinical symptoms of diabetes mellitus is increased thirst, which leads to increased urination. In cats with hyperthyroidism, there is an increased production of thyroid hormones, which significantly speeds up metabolism. The cat will start to eat and drink more and lose weight.

Stress. One of the most dangerous conditions for cats is stress. Stress in a cat can be caused by, for example, the arrival of noisy guests, or even the simple act of moving a litter tray. Stress often causes cystitis in cats, known as idiopathic cystitis. Other conditions, such as gastritis, can also develop as a result of stress.

Owner actions when a cat is urinating frequently
When cat owners notice that their cat is frequently urinating, it is important to take certain steps to determine the cause and provide the necessary help:

Keep the litter tray clean. Give your cat a clean and fresh place to urinate. Clean the litter tray regularly with a neutral detergent and make it easily accessible. Your cat may not like the litter or the new litter tray.
Create a calm environment. If stress is considered a possible cause of frequent urination, try to create a calm and comfortable home environment. Avoid sudden changes in routine and environment. You can use cat pheromones before guests arrive and potentially other situations that may cause stress in the cat.
Monitor your cat's behaviour. Observe your cat's behaviour. If he shows signs of pain, decreased appetite, increased thirst or refusal of water, stress or discomfort, report this to your vet. This may help with the diagnosis.
Contact your vet. If your cat has started to urinate more frequently, this may be a sign of a serious medical condition. A visit to the vet is necessary. The vet will carry out an examination and urine tests to determine the cause of the frequent urination.
Frequent urination in a cat is a symptom that should be taken seriously. Timely and appropriate diagnosis and treatment can help prevent potential complications and improve your pet's quality of life.

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